Basic First Aid Procedures
This quick primer on common basic first aid procedures can help get you through a minor crisis, at least until the paramedics arrive or you can get to medical treatment. These tips are based on the 2010 first aid procedures recommended by the American Heart Association and American Red Cross. They are not a substitute for proper first aid training but can be an introduction to what you can do. These first aid tips and procedures have been gathered to provide you with the basics on treating these conditions in emergency situations. Please seek Medical attention as soon as possible by calling 911 or by going into your local Emergency Department. **
Basic First Aid for Cardiac Arrest
CPR is the most important medical procedure of all. If a person is in cardiac arrest (the heart is no longer pumping blood) and CPR is not performed, that person will die. On the other hand, performing CPR or using an automated external defibrillator (AED) could save a life.
You can start by reviewing the basics of CPR. The procedure has changed in the past few years, so it is best to take a CPR class at a medical center, community college, Red Cross, or fire department. There is no substitute for a hands-on class.
AEDs are available in many public areas and businesses. These devices are simplified for use even if you have never been trained. CPR training will include familiarization with AED use.
According to the American Heart Association and American Red Cross 2010 guidelines, the steps to take when a cardiac arrest is suspected are:
Basic First Aid for Fractures
All extremity injuries need to be treated as broken bones (fractures) until an X-ray can be obtained.
There are all kinds of broken bone myths, such as not being able to walk on a broken leg or whether there's a difference between a fracture and a break. If you don't have Superman's X-ray eyes, treat it like it's broken. Take these steps for a suspected fracture:
Basic First Aid for Nosebleeds
Most of us have had a bloody nose at some time in our lives. It simply means bleeding from the inside of the nose due to trauma.
The biggest cause of a nosebleed is digital trauma – otherwise known as picking it.
The first aid for nosebleed includes:
Basic First Aid for Bee Stings
Bee stings are either annoyingly painful or deadly, depending on if the victim is allergic to the venom. Use these bee sting first aid tips:
Basic First Aid for Bleeding
Regardless of how severe, almost all bleeding can be controlled. Mild bleeding will usually stop on its own. If severe bleeding is not controlled, it may lead to shock and eventually death.
There are steps to take if you are faced with bleeding right now.
Basic First Aid for Burns
The first step to treating a burn is to stop the burning process. Chemicals need to be cleaned off. Electricity needs to be turned off. Heat needs to be cooled down with running water. Sunburn victims need to be covered up or go inside. No matter what caused the burns or how bad they are, stopping the burn comes before treating the burn.
The severity of a burn is based on depth and size. For serious burns, you might need to see a doctor or call 911.
Take these first aid steps:
Basic First Aid for Blisters
Whether or not a blister needs any treatment is debatable. If the blister is small, unbroken and not very painful, it is probably best to leave it alone. Cover it to prevent continued rubbing and pressure on it that can cause it to swell more and possibly burst on its own.
If the blister is large or painful—especially if the activity isn’t finished (such as you are in the middle of a hike)—follow steps to drain and dress a blister. Use a sterilized needle and make small punctures at the edge of the blister and express the fluid. Then apply antibiotic ointment and cover it to protect it from further rubbing and pressure.
Basic First Aid for Sprains
The symptoms of a sprain are almost exactly the same as that of a broken bone. When in doubt, first aid for sprains should be the same as broken bones. Immobilize the limb, apply a cold pack, elevate it, and take anti-inflammatory drugs. See your doctor for further diagnosis and treatment.
Basic First Aid for Frostbite
Frostbite occurs when the body's tissues freeze deeply in the cold. Ice crystals that form in the tissues cause damage to the cells. This is the opposite of a burn, but it does almost identical damage to the skin.
Treating frostbite is a delicate procedure of gradual warming. If at all possible, this should be done by professionals at a medical facility. First, get out of the cold. Small areas of minor frostbite may be rewarmed by skin-to-skin contact, but avoid using any heat sources or hot packs.
If you can't make it to a medical facility, use immersion of the affected area in warm water (98 to 105 F) for 20 to 30 minutes to rewarm it. Do not rub the affected area or use heat sources.
**Fife Lake Area Emergency Medical Services can not be held liable for Damages caused by the use of this information or the misidentification of the condition of in which to treat.
Always call 911 if you are having a Medical Emergency
10 First Aid Mistake